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Artuz, M.V., & Laya, M.F. (2017). Hanunoon Hanggang Ngayon: An Exploratory Study on the Co-cultural Communication Practices of Hanunoo Mangyans in Mindoro, Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis, University of the Philippines Diliman


Our study aimed to elaborate on the Co-Cultural Communication approaches used by Hanunoo-Mangyans of Bulalacao, Oriental Mindoro, in relation to the Tagalogs. Anchored on Orbe’s Co-cultural Communication Theory (1998), our study delved into the lived experiences of Hanunoo-Mangyans. These lived experiences were affected by inherent historical, cultural and individual differences unique to the Mangyan heritage. Coupled with other factors such as the indirect Filipino way of communicating (Maggay, 2002), the long-standing relationship between Mangyans and non-Mangyans, and the dominant group’s presence within the Mangyan’s immediate environment, we have found that Hanunoo-Mangyans mainly used accommodation and assimilation strategies when dealing with non-Mangyans. The most prominent of these are censoring self, emphasizing commonalities and exemplifying strengths and mirroring. Interestingly, separatist approaches as prescribed by Orbe were used by Mangyans as assimilation approaches. Sourced from focused interviews and site observations conducted, it became apparent that the element of spatial proximity did not have a direct effect on the communication of the two groups. Nonetheless, it opened up more opportunities in terms of socialization, education, work and means of practicing religion for the Hanunoo- Mangyans.

Keywords: Hanunoo, Mangyans, Co-cultural Communication, Mark Orbe

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