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DESCRIPTION

A robust, stable, inexpensive Raspberry Pi-based program FM transmitter that plays online UP-FM music radio. Radio receivers can be tuned in to 87.5MHz if the transmitter is in range.

Individuals from the different UP campuses, UP alumni and friends in different locations, lovers of Filipino indie music are encouraged to build and use this device to broadcast UP-FM in their areas.


Contents

COMPONENTS

A. For PIFM
PIFM is the core software that will turn Rasperry Pi into an FM station. These are the components you need to run it:

  • Raspberry PI (model B).

Raspberry pi model B.jpg

  • SD Card with Raspbian "Wheezy" OS (operating system) installed.

Sd card.jpeg Raspbian wheezy.png


  • Power Brick (5 volts, 2 amperes)

Power brick.jpg

  • Solid wire,no.22 and GPIO Cable (for the antenna)

Solid wire.jpg Gpio wire.jpg

  • Soldering iron, Soldering lead, Electrical tape

Soldering iron.jpg Lead.jpg I-download.jpg


B. For Programming:


PROCEDURES

A. Making a Simple Antenna

Since you may not have an ideal antenna, you will use a solid wire (no.22) as substitute. Cut a solid wire about 32 centimeters and stripe one end at least 1 cm.


Cut the GPIO (general purpose input/output) cable wire near the socket and leave at least 1 cm wire on it. Stripe the wire near the GPIO socket. Combine both ends of the solid wire and GPIO socket using lead and soldering iron. Wrap the soldered wire and GPIO with the tape (see pictures below).

IMG 20140423 130605.jpg IMG 20140423 130743.jpg IMG 20140423 130855.jpg IMG 20140423 131006.jpg IMG 20140423 131031.jpg IMG 20140423 131101.jpgIMG 20140423 131151.jpg IMG 20140423 131218.jpgIMG 20140423 131638.jpg IMG 20140423 131724.jpg IMG 20140423 132408.jpg IMG 20140423 132752.jpg


After making the Antenna, plug it in GPIO no.4 when starting the PIFM. That's the 4th pin from the left on the 2nd row of the group of GPIO pins pictured below.

Rpi pins.png

B. Installing and Running Raspbian "wheezy

You will now prepare the PIfm in Raspberry PI. To do so, you must have an SD card, with Raspbian "wheezy" OS installed. One way to do it is to download and install the Win 32 disk imager to your windows PC. Also download zip file of Raspbian "wheezy" and extract the file. Plug in your SD card. Write the disk image file on the SD card.Then you have now the installed Raspbian "wheezy" OS in your SD card.


Enabling network connection



C. Programming the PIFM

Once you have installed the Raspbian "wheezy" and ran it to your Raspberry PI, you can now program the UP-FM transmitter from LXterminal.

  • open your lxterminal.


  • create a dedicated directory within the home directory and download the pifm files from icrobotics site as follows:


        cd ~
        mkdir pifm
        cd pifm 
        wget http://www.icrobotics.co.uk/wiki/images/c/c3/Pifm.tar.gz
        tar -xvf Pifm.tar.gz


  • download the application called sox (Sound Exchange) package. This is required to stream the internet radio and pipe it to PIFM program for transmission.


        sudo apt-get install sox libsox-fmt-all


  • create a script for easier execution.


        sudo nano pifmradio.sh


Type following command line inside the nano script and press ctrl+x, Y and then Enter to save.


#!/bin/bash
sox -v .9 -t mp3 "http://updox.upd.edu.ph/stream/2/;stream.nsv" -t wav --input-buffer 80000 -r 22050 -c 1 - | sudo /home/pi/pifm/pifm - 87.5


  • Change the mode of the script to be executable.


        sudo chmod +x pifmradio.sh


  • To run the script in the background, execute the ff command:
        ./pifmradio.sh &
       


You may get the following warning message:

          wav: Length in output .wav header will be wrong since can't seek to fix it


You may safely ignore it. This is due to the fact that you are using a piped output to pifm and sox is issuing a warning that it is not possible to go back to the beginning of the stream and write the correct size into the RIFF/WAVE header, like it would be possible with a physical file.




Autostarting/Autorun UP-FM at boot


  • Open new window in lxterminal.Create a folder to store the script in


          mkdir ./bin
          cd ./bin


  • Create the script using the nano text editor


          sudo nano script_auto_run


  • In the nano editor, type this script:


          #!/bin/bash
          # Script to start our application
          echo "Doing autorun script..."
          sudo /home/pi/pifm/pifmradio.sh &

Note that when executing a command without logging in, you have to provide full paths to everything.

Save it by pressing Ctrl+X, " Y", ENTER


  • This script needs to be made executable by typing this :


          sudo chmod 755 script_auto_run

  • You can test the script works by typing


          /home/pi/bin/script_auto_run


  • Setting it to be run

To launch the script at startup, edit the “rc.local” file:


          sudo nano /etc/rc.local

  • Add the following on the lowest line below the word fi :


          /home/pi/bin/script_auto_run


Save it by pressing Ctrl+X, " Y", ENTER

Reboot your Rasperry Pi and UP-FM will run.

DIPOLE ANTENNA

RF AMPLIFIER


Development Team

  • Jhon Mark Sorio
  • Nestor Tiglao (consultant)
  • Daniel Villareal (consultant)
  • Peter Sy (project management)
UP-FM transmitter in action
File:Sample video for FM.mp4


Cost Estimate

  • Raspberry Pi Type B 512MB: Php 1,500
  • SD Card
  • wire antenna


References



Notes

  • The longer you keep this transmitter running, the hotter it gets. So you may need some extra cooling or heat dissipation. Possibilities include using repurposed heatsink from old computers (also with thermal paste), old power supply fans.
  • Use better antenna if you wish to make this a "permanent" transmitter. Just make sure its signal does not interfere with any established broadcast. If you stick with 87.5MHz in Metro Manila, you should be ok.
  • In this project, PIFM is using a dynamic IP address so you there's no need to configure the ethernet interface.


See Also



  • This page was last modified on 7 March 2016, at 22:24.
  • This page has been accessed 15,629 times.
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