Module 1: Hydrology

The world’s water resources are facing the ever-growing threats and challenges posed by population increase, rapid urbanization, adverse land-use shifts, pollution of waterways and aquifers, weather uncertainties, climate change and the increasing competition among various users of water. The essential tasks assigned to engineers, scientists, planners and decision makers for the provision of water infrastructure and services are multifarious. These include the assessment of the water resources in the hydrologic cycle, the quantification of the water-related needs and corresponding threats or risks, as well as the identification and formulation of appropriate responses to these threats and needs. To be able to do these tasks, professionals have to be equipped with the fundamentals of hydrology and hydraulics.

These subjects are prerequisites to the understanding of the hydrological and hydraulic processes and phenomena, as well as in developing design tools to determine solutions to water resources needs and problems.

It is for this reason that the UP National Engineering Center (UP NEC) and the National Hydraulic Research Center (NHRC) have jointly developed UPD-HYDRO 2010 - A Training Program in Water Resources Technology. This training program consists of four modules:

Module 1: Hydrology (March 2, 3, 4; 8AM to 5PM) Course Objectives • To acquire an understanding of the main scientific theories and principles governing hydrologic processes • To be able to quantify major hydrologic components and apply key concepts and techniques to relevant engineering analytical and design problems

Course Outline 1. Introduction: Weather and Hydrologic Cycle (4 h lecture) 2. Rainfall and Evaporation Measurement and Estimations (3 h lecture, 1 h workshop) 3. Stream flow Measurements; Rainfall Run-off Relationships (3 h lecture, 1 h workshop) 4. Hydrograph Analysis and Synthesis; Flood Routing (3 h lecture, 1 h workshop) 5. Flood and Low flow Frequency Analysis (3 h lecture, 1 h workshop)