University of the Philippines System
|University of the Philippines System|
Unibersidad ng Pilipinas Sistema
|Motto||Honor and Excellence|
|Type||National University (officially Degree-Granting Unit)|
|President||Dr. Emerlinda T. Roman|
|Nickname||UP Fighting Maroons|
1 Open University
2 Extension Programs
4 Satellite Campuses
|Hymn||UP Naming Mahal|
|Location||Quezon City, Philippines|
|Website||UP System Home Page|
The University of the Philippines is the national university of the country.
- 1 Constituent Universities
- 1.1 University of the Philippines, Baguio
- 1.2 University of the Philippines, Diliman
- 1.3 University of the Philippines, Los Banos
- 1.4 University of the Philippines, Manila
- 1.5 University of the Philippines, Mindanao
- 1.6 University of the Philippines in the Visayas
- 1.7 University of the Philippines Open University
- 2 University Officials
- 3 History
- 4 See Also
University of the Philippines, Baguio
The youngest constituent university in the UP System is UP Baguio (UPB). Formerly a regional unit of UPD, the campus was granted autonomy as a college in 1999 and elevated to university status in December 2002.
With its research arm, the Cordillera Studies Center (CSC), UPB aims to contribute to higher education in Northern Luzon by collaborating with other institutions and expanding its research to preserve the cultural traditions of the Cordilleras, Northern Luzon, and Cagayan Valley.
University of the Philippines, Diliman
UP Diliman is the flagship university as well as the administrative seat of the UP System. UP Diliman is not only the home of diverse colleges, offering 296 graduate and undergraduate courses, it also runs several centers of research, many of which have been declared by the Commission on Higher Education as National Centers of Excellence, among them the Marine Science Institute, National Institute of Geological Sciences, National Institute of Physics, National Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, and the National Institute for Science and Mathematics Education Development.
UP Diliman also has a strong commitment to the arts. Through such units as the UP Vargas Museum, the UP Film Institute, and the Likhaan: UP Institute of Creative Writing, the arts have been provided the space and encouragement they have needed to flourish.
University of the Philippines, Los Banos
UP Los Baños, now the agricultural center for Asia, is the recognized leader in agriculture, forestry, and other related fields. Its research activities work towards sustainable productivity and the efficient utilization of natural resources.
Special focus is on rice agriculture, spearheaded by the International Rice Research Institute. UPLB maintains stewardship of the 4,000 hectare Mt. Makiling Forest Reserve, which is a venue for instruction, research, and extension in the fields of forestry, environment, and natural resource management.
UPLB also focuses on the safeguarding of biodiversity in the vicinity as well as preservation of watershed areas for hydro or geothermal development and downstream water consumption.
The highest governing body in the UP System is the Board of Regents. Its members come from various sectors in the University, the private sector, and the government.
|UP Board of Regents|
|Chairman||Hon. Emmanuel Y. Angeles|
Chairman, Commission on Higher Education
|Co-Chairman||Hon. Emerlinda R. Roman|
President, University of the Philippines
|Members||Hon. Manuel A. Roxas II|
Chairman, Senate Committee on Education, Arts, and Culture
|Hon. Cynthia A. Villar|
Chairman, House Committee on Higher Education
|Hon. Ponciano E. Rivera, Jr.|
Acting President, UP Alumni Association
|Hon. Judy M. Taguiwalo|
|Hon. Shahana E. Abdulwahid|
|Hon. Gari M. Tiongco|
|Hon. Romulo G. Davide|
|Hon. Abraham F. Sarmiento|
|Hon. Francis C. Chua|
|Hon. Nelia T. Gonzalez|
|University of the Philippines System Officials|
|President||Prof. Emerlinda R. Roman, DBA|
|Vice Presidents||Academic Affairs||Prof. Amelia P. Guevara, PhD|
|Planning and Finance||Prof. Ma. Concepcion P. Alfiler, PhD|
|Administration||Prof. Arlene A. Samaniego, MD|
|Development||Prof. Ruperto P. Alonzo, PhD|
|Public Affairs||Prof. Cristina P. Hidalgo, PhD|
|Legal Affairs||Prof. Theodore O. Te, LLB|
|Presidents of the |
University of the Philippines
|1911-1915 Murray S. Bartlett|
|1915-1921 Ignacio B. Villamor|
|1921-1925 Guy Potter Wharton Benton|
|1925-1933 Rafael V. Palma|
|1934-1939 Jorge Bocobo|
|1939-1943 Bienvenido Ma. Gonzalez|
|1943-1945 Antonio Sison|
|1945-1951 Bienvenido Ma. Gonzalez|
|1951-1956 Vidal A. Tan|
|1956-1958 Enrique Virata|
|1958-1962 Vicente G. Sinco|
|1962-1968 Carlos P. Romulo|
|1969-1975 Salvador P. Lopez|
|1975-1979 Onofre D. Corpuz|
|1979-1981 Emmanuel V. Soriano|
|1981-1987 Edgardo J. Angara|
|1987-1993 Jose V. Abueva|
|1993-1999 Emil Q. Javier|
|1999-2005 Francisco Nemenzo, Jr.|
|2005-present Emerlinda R. Román|
At the onset of 1908, there was a clear goal: to establish an institution for higher learning that would provide advance instruction in literature, philosophy, the sciences, and arts, and to give professional, and technical training.
By that time, there were already a number of schools in the country which were set up during Spanish rule, including the University of Santo Tomas, which was initially called the Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santisimo Rosario when it was established in 1611.
But the decision to establish the University of the Philippines (UP) was to provide "an adequate, secularized, and free" public school system shortly after the defeat of Spain by American forces in 1898, transferring the Philippines to the rule of the US government.
Upon the instructions of then US President William McKinley, free primary instruction was enforced, training the people for the duties of citizenship and avocation. Chaplains, and non-commissioned officers were assigned to teach using English as the medium of instruction. Later, due to the heavy shortage of teachers, the Philippine Commission authorized 509 teachers from the US to enter the country. They were the Thomasites, named after the ship that carried them across the ocean to the archipelago.
With this backdrop, the First Philippine Legislature approved Act. 1870, which established UP in 1908, then called the University of the Philippine Islands. The university began with the College of Fine Arts, the College of Liberal Arts, and the College of Medicine and Surgery occupying buildings distributed along Padre Faura in the Ermita district, and R. Hidalgo in the Quiapo District in Manila, as well as a School of Agriculture in Los Baños in Laguna.The university, under its first president, American Murray S. Bartlett, initially had 67 students.
Following the outbreak of World War II, and the invasion of the Japanese in 1942, the university had to close some of its colleges, while keeping only the Colleges of Medicine, Engineering and Pharmacy operational.
After the war ended in 1946, UP sought a grant of P13 million from the US-Philippines War Damage Commission. The university used the amount for an intensive rehabilitation and construction effort during the postwar years.
On Feb. 12, 1949, a motorcade made its way from Padre Faura all the way to Diliman, Quezon City. The ceremony marked UP’s transfer from its original site in Manila, to its 493-hectare campus in Diliman, which would have more room for the University’s expansion as it fulfilled its role as educator to the nation.
UP currently has more than 53,000 students and more than 4,100 faculty members in 12 campuses and seven constituent universities nationwide. The university takes pride in its academic excellence, outstanding research, and public service. It currently offers a total of 258 undergraduate, and 438 graduate programs.
The university had educated some of the country’s most popular political and social leaders, medical doctors, creative artists, economists, lawyers, business leaders, and entrepreneurs.
The university has been the Alma Mater of 14 Philippine Presidents, and has been home to 32 of the country’s 57 National Artists, 30 out of the 31 National Scientists, and 49 out of the 107 topnotchers of the Bar examinations.
As a state university, UP receives a partial subsidy from the national government. Hence, UP students, and graduates are popularly referred to as "Iskolar ng Bayan" (Scholars of the Nation).
With its liberal policies that allow students to think what they wish, UP also became noted for students and faculty members who promote various political and social causes, as well as positions on pressing national issues.
Students took part in the "Diliman Commune" and the "First Quarter Storm" of the 1960s and ’70s, two protest activities in the campus which echoed the nation’s anger over unceasing government corruption.
UP students have also been active in challenging the status quo, including, protesting against the perceived American influence on Philippine affairs. This is interesting to note, considering that UP was first conceived as an institution of higher learning that would promote American ideals and world-views.
- University of the Philippines System
- University of the Philippines, Baguio
- University of the Philippines, Diliman
- University of the Philippines, Los Banos
- University of the Philippines, Manila
- University of the Philippines, Mindanao
- University of the Philippines in the Visayas
- University of the Philippines, Open University